Accelerating clean energy
through Industry 4.0
This report looks into the opportunities and challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, also referred to as Industry 4.0, to accelerate the transition towards sustainable energy. Industry 4.0 could contribute to finding new ways of dealing with major global challenges, such as climate change, lack of clean energy access, economic stagnation and reducing the digital divide.
The fifth Vienna Energy Forum 2017 was held from 9 to 12 May 2017, at the Vienna International Centre and the Hofburg Imperial Palace in Vienna. It was attended by over 1.650 participants from 128 countries. The thematic focus of the forum was “Sustainable Energy for the Implementation of the SDGs and the Paris Agreement”, with an emphasis on discussing and highlighting the importance of the linkage between climate and development as well as the synergies among the SDGs, and the importance of joint and integrated approaches for a successful implementation.
UNIDO is an agency of the United Nations that specialises in promoting industrial development for poverty reduction, inclusive globalisation, and environmental sustainability. UNIDO LCCR is one of UNIDO’s regional project on Low Carbon Climate Resilient including four African countries: Egypt, Kenya, Senegal and South Africa. The goal of the assessment is to establish the industrial vulnerability to climate change in the four countries. The first phase of the LCCR project consists of two components: national level policy assessment, vulnerability and low carbon industry assessments in selected sub industries. This publication provides the desktop analysis of the agriculture-based industrial development in the abovementioned four countries as well as the vulnerability assessment on their value chain. Results of this assessments will be the basis for producing synthesis reports of industry value chains.
TRANSrisk is a project funded by European Commission, in which we are involved in the Work Package 6. This WP main objective is to investigate the relationship between innovation dynamics and alternative transition pathways in selected TRANSrisk case studies. Building on the work on the stakeholder analysis work of D6.1, this deliverable sets out an approach for better analysis on how these stakeholders act to shape and constrain innovation processes and associated transition pathways. This report delivers a method to understand agency, power and socio-institutional dynamics that influences a technological transition in the broader context, which is considered a strength as most of socio-technological frameworks do not address power and agency in a direct and comprehensive way.
This report is the result of a three-day workshop in Bali, Indonesia. The main objective of the workshop was to bring participants form various backgrounds, concerns, and sectors together in order to discuss the potential of several forms of bioenergy in Indonesia and pathways of their development. The workshop was organized by Udayana University, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and su-re.co within the framework of two research projects funded by the European Commission: GreenWin and TRANSrisk. The workshop was well attended by more than 68 registered participants coming from backgrounds such as local and national government, private sector, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), academia, science and international experts.
The aim of the Work Package 3 is to investigate energy related policies from the lowest level to the national level. The Indonesian case study seeks to answer three research question. Firstly, what contribution could bioenergy form waste products in Bali and East Java make to Indonesia’s climate change and sustainable development goals? Secondly, what changes are required to pursue the identified bioenergy transition pathway? And finally, what are the key enabling policies and institutions to support sustainable bioenergy development in Bali and East Java? This publication identified the issues faced by the bioenergy development in the mentioned provinces and proposed the solutions to overcome the issues.
JIQ Magazine December 2016
Second publication on JIQ Magazine, our green business project su-re.coffee. It works to implement sustainable, win - win solutions for coffee value chain stakeholders, by integrating biogas systems in Indonesia. We believe that the biogas-coffee concept is a promising transition pathway for both climate change adaptation and mitigation.
JIQ Magazine November 2016
JIQ magazine is an e-magazine published by JIN Climate and Sustainability, Joint Implementation Network (JIN) has the objective to enhance international information exchange about climate change policies and measures. On this volume, our result from the TRANSrisk project is published by JIQ magazine.
Role of microfinance to support agricultural climate change adaptations in Indonesia:
Encouraging private sector participation in climate finance
This research paper studies opportunities for microfinance to play a role together with existing resources in supporting climate change adaptation in Indonesia. The data was acquired and analyzed through a literature review, analysis of case studies and interviews with stakeholders in the climate change-related financial sector.
Identified Vulnerability Contexts for a Paddy Production Assessment with Climate Change in Bali, Indonesia.
This paper shows how the focus area of vulnerability assessments in Bali has been identified, based on multiple assessments including literature reviews, statistical assessment, stakeholder and policy assessment, and interviews with farmers.
This research presents the recent vulnerability assessment project on a rice paddy production and climate change in Indonesia and attempts to demonstrate a practical framework and methodology for a vulnerability and adaptation assessment in the agricultural sector. This research applies the outcome vulnerability framework, which is defined by the IPCC.
Evaluating the economics of modern and traditional bioenergy in African households: design and application of a consumer choice model for cook stove purchase and use, volume 67 of Bioenergy for Sustainable Development in Africa, chapter 30, page 387
In this research the characteristics of consumer choice for cook stoves and the associated fuels in African households are described. In particular, the economic values associated with the tradeoffs that households make when they purchase a cook stove are assessed. The combination of a household survey approach with an econometric modelling technique makes it possible to conduct an experiment on the willingness of households to pay more for improved stoves and/or fuels.
Evaluating the relative strength of product-specific factors in fuel switching and stove choice decisions in ethiopia: A discrete choice model of household preferences for clean cooking alternatives
In this paper, we critically review some key theoretical dimensions of household consumer behavior in switching from traditional biomass cooking stoves to modern efficient stoves and fuels.We then describe the results of empirical research investigating the determinants of stove choice, focusing on the relative strength of product-specific factors across three wealth groups.
In this research, we aim to investigate how local communities cope with and adapt to multiple stresses in rural semiarid South Africa. In semiarid regions water scarcity is one of a number of stresses that shape livelihood vulnerability. With climate change, it is predicted that rainfall in South Africa will become more uncertain and variable in the future, exposing more people to water insecurity.
Will african consumers buy cleaner fuels and stoves? a household energy economic analysis model for the market introduction of bio-ethanol cooking stoves in ethiopia, tanzania, and mozambique
This research report presents a household energy economic analysis study conducted by researchers at the Stockholm Environment Institute between 2008 and 2010 in three locations in Sub Saharan Africa: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Maputo, Mozambique. A novel methodology based on discrete choice theory was designed to investigate consumer choice for fuels and cooking stoves and this methodology was then applied in each of the three locations.
Robust decision making for sustainable and scalable drought index-based microinsurance in Ethiopia: Reducing weather related disaster risk with rural agro-insurance. Microinsurance: An Innovative Tool for Risk and Disaster Management
Climatic and socio-economic vulnerability pose significant challenges to development, often requiring large-scale solutions to overcome. Index based microinsurance for weather risk transfer is one potential element of sustainable and scalable management solutions. An agent-partner, index-based microinsurance product design was explored as a risk management tool for drought in Ethiopia. This research used scenario-based computer modeling and qualitative interviews to test the supply and demand-side sustainability of index products. Robust decision methods were used to consider uncertainty in the estimates of product design and financial sustainability.
This research analyzed what woodfuels and other biomass such as charcoal can do to mitigate climate change. Woodfuels currently account for a greater share of global energy consumption than all other forms of “renewable” energy combined. The overwhelming majority of this consumption, however, is based on the traditional use of wood and charcoal in developing countries.
The focus of this paper is the road user charging scheme, which has been proposed for implementation in the Upper Derwent valley of the Peak District national park. By applying both quantitative and qualitative methods it is shown that such schemes share considerable differences compared to other urban or highway schemes, such as diverse objectives, trip purposes, visitors’ value of time and dispersion of traffic in neighbouring areas.
According to various scientific studies, climate change in ethiopia could lead to extreme temperatures, extraordinary rainfall events and ore intense and prolonged droughts and floods. The major question for Ethiopia is how best to promote farmers resiliency to evolving climate shocks as an adaptation strategy to climate change. This is the main research question that will be addressed in this paper.
This report presents options for overcoming obstacles and reaching an agreement on adaptation financing as part of a Copenhagen Agreed Outcome at COP 15 in Copenhagen in December, 2009. It submits that such an agreement on adaptation financing is in fact vital to reaching a post-2012 international agreement on climate change.
This paper discusses the effect of the road user charging scheme at the Peak District National Park, UK. The analysis was carried out with stated preference survey techniques and using a multinomial mixed logit model as well as conventional statistic and regression models. The analysis focused on not only the congestion level and environmental impact, but also equity issues associated with the road user charging scheme.
Why perfect stoves are not always chosen: A new approach for understanding stove and fuel choice at the household level
This article presents research conducted by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) in July 2008 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to investigate the role of socio-economic factors and product-specific factors as determinants of cooking stove choice in cooperation with Gaia Association, a local Ethiopian NGO involved in the promotion of ethanol and ethanol fuelled cooking stoves.
Perceptions of biodiversity, environmental services, and conser-vation of planted mangroves: a case study on Nijhum Dwip Island, Bangladesh
This study has been undertaken in a southcentral estuarine island (Nijhum Dwip) of the Bangladesh coast and aims to understand societal perception on the achievements of a plantation program. Through 110 household interviews and seven group discussions, an assessment was conducted of peoples’ perception about major flora and fauna of the mangrove ecosystem, benefits derived from the forest, present condition of the forest, causes of degradation, and ways to improve the situation.
The work presented in this report is aimed at improving the understanding of vulnerable and complex adaptive systems. The findings are based on fieldwork that focused on the district, municipal and village level in Sekhukhune District, South Africa. Previous research enabled the selection of two rural villages and associated municipalities to be the focus for exploring the interacting impacts of climate variability, water scarcity, and health issues.
This research develops a new agent-based simulation model to improve the results of analysis, which solely uses discrete choice modelling, as well as to analyse the effects of a road user charging scheme for the Upper Derwent Valley in the Peak District National Park.