Synergizing Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation with Climate Smart Agriculture and Clean Bioenergy
su-re.coffee is a non-profit project that aims at synergising climate change mitigation and adaptation in Indonesia by clean energy and climate smart agriculture in green business and policy engagement. It is currently supported by the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 program through Green-Win and Transrisk projects.
Indeed, climate change is a major issue in Indonesia as:
– Temperatures are raising and precipitations decreasing: today is 1% hotter than in 1990.
– 30% of the working Indonesians are farmers.
– 35% of Indonesians relies on primary biomass energy such as firewood which makes them suffering from indoor house pollutions.
HOW DOES SU-RE.COFFEE PROJECT WANT TO CHANGE THE CURRENT SITUATION?
Everything we do is first and foremost scientifically driven. Thus, su-re.coffee project activity is orientated towards combining:
– Climate change projections to determine the exposure and sensitivity of Indonesian areas to climate change. They are the basis of who, where, and why we choose the villages we support.
– Climate change adaptation which includes supporting famers to switch to more profitable and climate adapted crops such as coffee and sharing sustainable organic agricultural practices like agroforestry.
– Clean sustainable energy by developing our proper biogas digester solutions. As it can provide biogas and bio-fertilizer to the farmers from organic waste, this solution represents a good opportunity to stimulate a shift in energy production and supply among farmers’ communities.
100,000 farmers adopting climate smart agriculture in 5 years.
Su-re.co commits to install a number of bio- digesters to stimulate a universal shift in climate smart agriculture (CSA) by creating a circulation of locally produced, eco-friendly products.
It is also a win-win solution because it presents the opportunity to put a waste product (manure, coffee cherries, and coffee husk) to beneficial use and handle the proper sanitation, and potentially increase the income for the farmers as a result of the value added to the products.
This also could increase demand for developing bioenergy which could be a showcase from a local to international level.
Biogas is a clean, renewable energy obtained from biodegradable organic material as kitchen waste and animal manure. The feedstock is added daily into a hermetically insulated bag, the digester. There, in the absence of oxygen, anaerobic bacteria degrade the organic matter to multiply and produce biogas and bioslurry, an efficient natural fertilizer.
The most common type of reactor installed is the fixed dome digester, widely used in China and India. Its installation requires skilled technical expertise and complex logistics, making installation expensive and time-consuming especially for rural areas. Moreover, a lot of plants constructed by the government in Indonesia are now abandoned due to a bad follow-up strategy, an inefficient technology and a discontinuous source of feedstock.
su-re.co aims at introducing the digester to reduce the use of fossil fuel, achieve a closed cycle of material and especially alleviate energy poverty. Indeed, our objective it is not only to use biogas to produce combustible gas but also to use if for other further activities connected to agriculture: since fossil fuels in Indonesia are highly subsidised, focusing only on biogas production as substitute of LPG or kerosene is not reasonable solution, economically speaking, for farmers. For this reason, our aim is to link the biogas solution to sustainable commercial activities such as roasting coffee, drying crops and all kind of post-harvesting processes or food production. Such solutions could generate additional income for the farmers, create job opportunities and generally improve their well-being.
OUR BIOGAS DIGESTER
The biogas bag developed by su-re.co is easy to be transported to remote areas with poor electricity access and where energy is expensive due to logistics costs.
The PVC bio-digester bag is a plug flow tubular technology with cylindric shape that leads to longitudinal flow of the substrate with efficient anaerobic degradation. The bag is made with PVC 550, a material which is resistant, flexible and light. Its elasticity makes it suitable for achieving higher pressure with small space requirements. A net is also installed around the bag to protect it from animals or possible damages. The exposure to the sun leads to elevated temperature in the bag, that provide a faster and efficient degradation of substrate. Moreover, the bag can be folded, easily transported and removed. The installation of the bag is relatively simple, and can be completed within one day. So far, operating and maintenance costs have been close to zero.
Gusti Cakra – Jembrana, Bali
Gusti Cakra is a pioneer in his community when it comes to sustainable agricultural practices. After experiencing the results of drought six years ago, Cakra decided it was time to switch from rice to a more sustainable and resilient alternative. He began experimenting with coffee and cacao, using cacao trees as shade trees for his coffee plants. His success has attracted over 20 new farmers in his community to learn from his sustainable methods.
Lukas Lawa – Golulada, Flores
Lukas Lawa is the head of Golulada village. He quits his higher education to pursue his dream of improving smallholders’ farmers livelihood. He took any opportunity as much as possible to increase his knowledge and skills on cultivation. He walks miles through villages in Ende to try to assemble a group of eager farmers and to get them to start thinking about working seriously on coffee. Later on, he decided to start on his own village. Now, they have already established the cooperative namely Kopsi. Until today, his coffee knowledge and eagerness to learn brought him across Indonesia even as far as India.
Interested in supporting su-re.coffee project ? Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org and get some of our sustainable coffee !