Why we opted for coffee: an arising debate of coffee vs rice

As a science-driven think and do-tank team, multidisciplinary and action-based research is what we put forward. One of the most interesting parts of our adaptation-mitigation synergising project is the desktop analysis for the vulnerability assessment, from which we can deliver how our case study is impacted by climate change, its implication to the livelihood, and how the society and the system have the capacity to respond to it. At the first stage, we are showing you how annual rainfall in Bali is projected to decrease by between 2040 and 2069. We can see that the lowlands and both southern and northern coasts are projected to become drier, as depicted below.

 

Annual precipitation in Bali at the baseline level on the left and projection (2040-2069) on the right

 

This projection might look devastating but also trigger your sceptical view. Annual rainfall of 1300 mm is supposed to be enough to feed those glorious UNESCO-heritage rice fields in Bali, why would we bother supporting coffee farmers? Coffee is supposed to be needy when it comes to water, isn’t it?

Many people would guess that the main issue of climate change in Indonesia is a declining amount of rainfall, which is true at some point. However, even though climate change impact is largely inclusive, the impact is specific from one place to another. Even a number studies figured out that some areas in Indonesia are projected to receive more rainfall1,2. But, we observed a non-obvious issue within the agricultural sector: the rainfall distribution. The prolonged dry season is real. Delayed monsoon onset followed by El Nino or other factors will create a dramatic impact on our agriculture.

How is it related to rice paddy and coffee plantation in Bali?

The average cycle of rice paddy cultivation in Bali is around 110 days, which can take up to 2-3 times of harvesting cycle: three times at the wetter areas while two times at the drier regions (based on field observation). For optimum productivity, we need between 575mm-1800mm for one single cultivating period (4 consecutive months)3. Most of our rice paddy fields are concentrated at the lower lands, which receive relatively lower rainfall. On the other hand, for coffee, we need 1500-2000mm4 per year and 2-3 dry months for optimum yields, even 4-5 months based on our case study in NTT. That says, once dry season becomes erratic or longer than usual, it likely poses a high risk to one whole cycle of the rice paddy or annual coffee yield quality

 

Of course, the physical consideration does not only lie solely on the climate factor but also elevation, terrain, soil quality, etc. That is why, by comparing our rice suitability study that we already conducted for INSISTs project with an established coffee suitability5, we found it interesting that the suitable regions for coffee are not suitable for rice paddy, and the other way around. This leaves us narrower regions for coffee plantation as the northern part of Bali, which mostly comprises of higher elevation areas. It then depends on which point of view you are standing at in order to create an adaptation plan: maintaining rice as one of the national staples or enhancing the productivity of our estate crops. Both work for a good cause of food security. This means, at the moment, we cannot arise the coffee vs rice notion, as they both require completely different things.

 

Suitability of rice paddy at the baseline level on the left and projection (2040-2069) on the right (dark green indicates highly suitable; lighter green indicates moderately suitable; yellow indicates marginally suitable; orange-red indicates not suitable).

 

Suitability of coffee at the current level (left) and projection (2050; right)

 

Furthermore, we opted for coffee for its economic, environmental, and social considerations, including the willingness of farmers to cooperate and to adopt the solutions that we offer. From the economic factor, coffee market is also promising as the global coffee trading is very popular now. We can take this opportunity to attract people who concern about sustainable lifestyle through coffee consumption or even beyond that by improving the value-added of the coffee to boost its higher sales price. Enabling the farmers to enhance their own resilience by installing biogas digesters is an advantage from the social and environmental point of view as they will be able to roast their own coffee and use the bioslurry for their coffee farm to improve the value added. Moreover, cultivating coffee is relatively less of a hassle and easier to maintain.

 

For sure we aim to do more than coffee. As we are very passionate about synergysing bioenergy with climate smart agriculture, we target other estate crops as they have higher value-added compared to the national staples such as rice and maize. We are putting an effort on maximising the land usage of estate crops for the sake of the farmers’ resilience.

 

All of these sounds great, but some farmers are still not reached, and this coffee-biogas issue as our symbolic story needs further exploration and expansion of a higher impact of adaptation-mitigation synergy. Our farmers deserve more resilient livelihood, so why not use this potentiality?

 

 

1Naylor, R. L., Battisti, D. S., Vimont, D. J., Falcon, E. P., & Burke, M. B. (2007). Assessing risks of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture. PNAS, 104(19), 7752–7757.

 

2MetOffice, University of Nottingham, Walker Institute, Centre of Ecology and Hydrology, University of Leeds, & Tyndall Centre. (2013). Climate: Observations, projections and impacts: Indonesia (Country Reports). Nottingham. Retrieved from http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/2040/13/Indonesia.pdf

 

3Takama, T., Setyani, P., & Aldrian, E. (2014). Climate Change Vulnerability to Rice Paddy Production in Bali, Indonesia. In W. Leal Filho (Ed.), Handbook of Climate Change Adaptation (pp. 1–23). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-40455-9_84-1

 

4Kementrian Pertanian Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. (2014). Pedoman Teknis Budidaya Kopi yang Baik (Good Agriculture Practices/GAP on on Coffee). Menteri Pertanian Republik Indonesia.

 

5Schroth, G., Läderach, P., Blackburn Cuero, D. S., Neilson, J., & Bunn, C. (2015). Winner or loser of climate change? A modeling study of current and future climatic suitability of Arabica coffee in Indonesia. Regional Environmental Change, 15(7), 1473–1482. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-014-0713-x

Attending BMKG Climate Field School

On the 30th of July 2017, four of su-re.co’s team members attended one of BMKG’s Climate Field School session in West Selemadeg, Tabanan, Bali. Here is an insight of what we learnt during this interesting morning.

 

Résultat de recherche d'images pour "BMKG"

 

What is the Climate Field School Program?

BMKG is the Indonesian Agency for Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics and has four global purpose to observe, explain, collect data and organize the activities linked to meteorology, climatology and air quality monitoring.

As BMKG realized that it was hard for the Indonesian farmers to understand the weather data and act accordingly, BMKG decided to organize a Climate Field School program dedicated to them with the support of the agricultural agencies of the provinces concerned. Several sessions have already been carried out in Indonesia and the one we attended was the second session in Bali.

The objectives pursued include:

  • To teach and spread the basic meteorological and climatological knowledge among the farmers communities and to turn it into a practical language.
  • To help the farmers improve their activity by sharing with them weather insight and by identifying the different causes of crops damages.
  • To contribute to improve the food security in Indonesia.
  • To build partnership with the farmers to improve BMKG observations by setting up a set of equipment in their field.

 

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How does a common Climate Field School session look like?

A Climate Field School session is subdivided in ten sessions, usually gathering 25 farmers every ten days. Spreading those 10 sub-sessions over 100 days allows BMGK and the farmers to lead concrete measurements and observations directly on control sample crops, in this case is paddy. Thus, it simultaneously provides concrete and theoretical knowledge to the farmers. A sub-session is divided in two key moments:

 

  • Field observations, measurements and reporting

BMKG built a meteorological cage that measures the temperature, rainfall and humidity for the farmers. Therefore, the 25 farmers started reporting the measurement readings of those three variables and crop conditions after conducting observations on the weather parameters and sample crops under BMKG team’s watchful eyes.

Once those first tasks are completed, the farmers gave the report on a template provided by BMKG. Right after, a meeting is organized to allow farmers to share, discuss and comment together the results they obtained from the observations.

 

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  • Meteorological lecture and practical exercises

After a short coffee break, the farmers were gathered again to attend carefully a lecture about meteorological parameters and instruments. The ten lectures the farmers received during the whole Climate Field School session aims to share meteorological and climatological insight, so that the farmers will be able to understand the weather forecasts and data that BMKG will provide for them. Thus, this would be a good step towards a climate smart agriculture in Indonesia.

After the lecture, a training workshop allowed the farmers to apply the lesson, and to ensure they understood it well. It basically consists on matching the meteorological instruments introduced to them to their use and the proper unit of measurements.

 

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Besides, BMKG also invited an expert from the Agency of Agriculture in Bali. He was expected to assist the farmers in identifying the issues of the sample crops. This part is highly essential since most of the issues attacking the crops are not caused by a single variable, and commonly multidimensional. For instance, a crop damage is not only caused by the pests, but also other factors such as weather and weed. This case will present another issue if the farmers are only familiar with, for example, pests, since they might just spray pesticides whenever they find the crops suffer from uncertain damages. The expected output is to avoid any mistreatment for the damaged crops as a consequence of the lack of knowledge among the farmers.

 

Climate Field School program’s outcomes

Since 2010, the BMKG’s initiative has been showing encouraging results as it has reached more than 3,600 extension workers in Indonesia and managed to improve the farmers’ yields significantly. The current plans for BMKG is to hold Climate Field Schools in 33 provinces – all the Indonesia’s provinces excluding Jakarta) and to extend the program to fishermen.

As improving the knowledge of the farmers is a part of the Climate Smart Agriculture, Climate Field School is a good initiation in improving the agriculture in Indonesia. A possibility to expand this programme to other crops such as estate crops (e.g. coffee and cocoa) would be an opportunity to increase the numbers of the more resilient farmers in adapting to climate change. Seeing this opportunity, we are putting an effort to integrate our projects with BMKG’s CFS to achieve resilience among a wider range of farmers.

To be continued then!

 

Source: https://www.wmo.int/gfcs/node/603

Good News From Jembrana

On the 30th of July, four people of su-re.co’s team went to Jembrana to meet Ketut Windya and Gusti Cakrathe farmers we are collaborating with on adapting climate change. This one-day trip to the West of Bali was our opportunity to follow up on the results of several climate change solutions implemented by the farmers and su-re.co. Here we go 

 

Our meeting with Ketut Windya 

After an early morning awakening, we took the road together in Takeshi’s car to join Ketut at his place located in the village of Candikusuma. As we were reaching our destination, the sound of a dog barking warmly welcomed us and simultaneously informed Ketut of our presence. After sharing some news, he brought us to the area where he harvests cacao using the bio-digester su-re.co previously designed and provided to him.  

He gave us some encouraging feedback about the use of the bio-fertilizer produced by the bio-digester. As a matter of fact, he noticed that the trees fed on bio-fertilizer bore more fruits than they normally do. Therefore, he intends to extend the use of the natural fertilizer to his other cacao trees and is optimistic concerning their yields.  

 

Explaining bio-fertilizer effects

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Lastly, we were happy to learn that Ketut uses the biogas produced by the bio-digester to light his place and to cook family meals. Thus the bio-digester system provides an excellent alternative to fossil fuels such as LPG or even worse to wood fire, a severe cause of respiratory diseases.  

 

Our meeting with Cakra 

Step one complete! Everybody jumps back in the car to head to our next destination: Cakra’s coffee farm located in Melaya Village. As we got out of the car we turned down the wrong road but Cakra kindly found us and led us to his coffee field.  

If there’s one thing to know about Cakra, it’s his sincere love of his work. The way he speaks about his plantation reveals how careful and attentive he is when it comes to farming. As a very hard-working person, he explained to us that he was the only farmer who managed to get good results with the coffee plants, when he transitioned from cacao to coffee along with some other farmers. And it’s no wonder why: he’s always willing to try innovative practices to improve the quality of his hand-made and natural harvest. The example that underlines this best is his current attempt to set up concrete agroforestry experiment in his coffee plantation. As sun exposure mainly entails a higher water consumption, the erosion of the soil and loss of quality, Cakra  grows his coffee plants under coconut palms in the shade.

 

Cakra's coffee plants shaded by coconut palms

Cakra’s coffee plant shaded by coconut palms

 

Cakra’s meticulous nature can be found again in the way he harvests his coffee. He picks the ripe coffee cherries one by one to make sure his coffee’s aroma will be as best as possible. Then, he singles out the natural dry process to avoid wasting water; this allows the impregnation of the coffee seed with sugars and other components present in the mucilage. Moreover, saving water seems to be a wise decision as su-re.co’s climate projections indicate that Jembrana will experience a noticeable raise of temperatures and a reduction of rainfall volume.  As a result, Cakra’s coffee is unique, hand-made, natural and adaptive to climate change.  

However we noticed that Cakra could improve the way he selects the coffee cherries on the plants. Indeed, as the following photo reveals it, he picks many yellow ones which are not ripe enough to express all the intensity of the Arabica coffee’s flavor. Therefore our next objective is perfectly clear: communicating this to him and helping him improve this step in his process!

 

Cakra showing the natural dry process

Cakra showing us the natural dry process

 

Cakra told us that the use of the bio-fertilizer produced by the bio-digester we provided also showed good results. According to him, it allowed more coffee flowers to bloom on the coffee plants: we are looking forward to tasting his next harvest! Another good point is the fact that he also uses the biogas provided by the bio-digester for cooking his familys meals. We are happy to see that su-re.co biogas project actively participates in reducing the risk of respiratory diseases among the farmers we are collaborating with. 

 

Time to go home 

We finally arrived at home and this very good day was already turning into great memories. This trip gave us the opportunity to realize how concrete our action is. That isn’t always an easy task as we spend a lot of time managing it from behind our computer screens. A conclusive journey that allowed us to go back to our goals’ roots. The way Takeshi glowed with happiness undoubtedly showed it! 

 

su-re.co's projects on adapting climate change are going well

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Written by Antonin Rhodes

INSIST: Research on sugarcane-based bioethanol in East Java

On 3rd – 7th of April 2017, su-re.co colleagues and Anna Carlsson, a student from Lund University, working together in INSIST Project (collaboration project between European Commission and KTH Royal Institute of Technology) regarding assessment of bioethanol production focusing on sugarcane. The team did a data collection through interview and FGD from sugarcane farmers, sugar unit producer, bioethanol producers and government staffs.

The aim was to assess the current condition of bioethanol fuel grade production and its potential improvement. Since Indonesia has various biomass resources and the Government also target up to 20% of bioethanol in blending fuel program, it is important to prepare strategies to achieve the target. East Java is known to be the first sugar producer in national level. Therefore, molasses and bagasse have high possibility as potential feedstock.

Some of interesting findings were found in this trip. Even though East Java is a region with the highest sugar production, around 50% of national level, the amount is still much lower than demand. For example, 5 tonnes of sugar demand can only be fulfilled by 40% of total demand. Thus, imported sugar now is still needed. This condition is affecting the current availability of bioethanol feedstock: molasses. There is only one fuel grade bioethanol producer in East Java “PT. Energi Agro Nusantara” that participate in blending fuel program. However, since world oil price is currently going down, this factor also influencing market availability of bioethanol. Based on field trip data, the analysis and also recommendation to have alternative strategies of fuel-grade bioethanol implementation are now being conducted.

Biogas for cooking and coffee roasting at su-re.co office

We have installed a removable bio-digester system at our office with the capacity 1m3. After the first charge, the system needs between 1 and 3 weeks to set up. During these week, it is not needed to feed the system in order to allow the bacteria digesting the waste anaerobically in the bag. During the operation, the feedstock should be fed into the system regularly to avoid the deficit of biogas yield. Currently, biogas is produced every 3-4 days and last up until 20 minutes. The results showed various duration of biogas usage, from 8 minutes up until 25 minutes of cooking. We have tried doing little experiments to cook based on biogas production: boiling water, cooking egg and roasting coffee. These food ingredients were well cooked but still unable to do continuous cook because the biogas system will require more time to produce gas.

Recently, when we were roasting some coffee beans, biogas pressure was manually controlled by pushing removable biodigester so that biogas can reach the stove. As a result, sometimes the flame was too high or low and this condition will impact the condition of coffee roasting. Thus, further analysis and improvement are still required to finally have a good quality of roasted coffee.

Tags: biogas, household scale, removable, biodigester

2nd Bioenergy International Workshop 22-24 May 2017

The 2nd Bioenergy International Workshop was held in Bali, Indonesia from the 22nd – 24th May 2017 as a continuation of the 1st Bioenergy International Workshop in 2016. This event is a collaboration between two European Commission co-funded projects: GREENWIN and TRANSrisk engaging with local partners, Sustainability & Resilience Co (su-re.co) and Udayana University. The workshop was attended by 52 participants from different backgrounds: government, the private sector, NGOs, farmers, and researchers. The workshop encompassed a seminar, stakeholder consultation, brainstorming, survey, and focus group discussion. The main goal of 2nd bioenergy workshop was to shed further light on the opportunities of biogas in Indonesia with critical reflections on the associated risks and barriers. This objective is based on the findings of the 1st Bioenergy Workshop where small scale biogas was selected as a priority technology based on a multi criteria assessment.

At the beginning of workshop, a set of presentations were shared by related stakeholders as lessons learned regarding biogas deployment. Following that, a stakeholder consultation was carried out to identify the attitudes of biogas development in Bali using the Q-method. To promote this technology, business opportunities of biogas were discussed among participants using business model canvases. Then strategic action plans were formulated by three stakeholder groups: policy makers, researchers/engineers and farmers (biogas adopters) using Technology Needs Assessment (TNA). Overall, the stakeholders acknowledge the benefits of biogas for energy security in rural areas, however, biogas development is hindered by several issues like competition with subsidized fossil fuels and access to funding support. This workshop successfully identified biogas opportunities and a strategic action plan for accelerating biogas adoption, for example, partnerships and collaboration are required among relevant stakeholders. The result of exercises will be the main base for determining the next focus topic for the 3rd Bioenergy International Workshop which will be held in the mid of 2018.

Biogas Development in Indonesia: Household Scale

Evaluation of Indonesian transition pathways in biogas utilisation

According to Statistics Indonesia, it is recorded that between 2005 and 2010 about 40% of total Indonesian households used traditional biomass (firewood) as their primary cooking fuel, with a peak of around 49% in 2007. Firewood users were mainly located in rural areas of Indonesia. Although the Indonesian Government has established a fuel substitution programme to incentivise the use of LPG, rural areas were still untouched. The main reason is that firewood is easy to be collected from the local environment, or purchased at low cost. This condition leads to a high number of premature deaths annually as women spend hours per day in the unhealthy cooking environment. The utilisation of fuel wood in terms of tree branches will remain because of its abundant availability, and less need for maintenance as compared to biogas production.

The implementation of biogas technology at the household scale is foreseen to spread among as many as possible households in Indonesia, especially for people living in rural areas. Using biogas for cooking will positively impact health, especially for women and children, and mitigate climate change through among others CH4 and CO2 emissions reduction. Also, biogas utilisation will enhance the water quality of the rivers, since there will be no animal dung discharged to rivers. In addition, using biogas provides economic opportunities for households, as biogas production pre-empts the household from purchasing fuel as well as fertiliser.

Read more in published version by JIQ Magazine > http://www.jin.ngo/11-publications/168-jiq-special-transrisk-biogas

Biogas Development in Indonesia: Household Scale

Evaluation of Indonesian transition pathways in biogas utilisation

According to Statistics Indonesia, it is recorded that between 2005 and 2010 about 40% of total Indonesian households used traditional biomass (firewood) as their primary cooking fuel, with a peak of around 49% in 2007. Firewood users were mainly located in rural areas of Indonesia. Although the Indonesian Government has established a fuel substitution programme to incentivise the use of LPG, rural areas were still untouched. The main reason is that firewood is easy to be collected from the local environment, or purchased at low cost. This condition leads to a high number of premature deaths annually as women spend hours per day in the unhealthy cooking environment. The utilisation of fuel wood in terms of tree branches will remain because of its abundant availability, and less need for maintenance as compared to biogas production.
The implementation of biogas technology at the household scale is foreseen to spread among as many as possible households in Indonesia, especially for people living in rural areas. Using biogas for cooking will positively impact health, especially for women and children, and mitigate climate change through among others CH4 and CO2 emissions reduction. Also, biogas utilisation will enhance the water quality of the rivers, since there will be no animal dung discharged to rivers. In addition, using biogas provides economic opportunities for households, as biogas production pre-empts the household from purchasing fuel as well as fertiliser.
Read more in published version by JIQ Magazine > http://www.jin.ngo/11-publications/168-jiq-special-transrisk-biogas

Microfinance Workshop for Boalemo Farmers

In order to switch from maize farm to cocoa agroforestry farm as well as maintain the cultivation growing optimally and expanding the cocoa farm in Boalemo, it needs financial support from other parties. BRI is one of the banking institutions that have representative offices everywhere, including in the Boalemo regency and has the potential to become microfinance institution which could provide loans to farmers in Boalemo.
The workshop aims to introduce banking products as well as improve the knowledge related to credit scheme for farmers and extension officers in Boalemo regency.
The workshop was held in Agriculture and Plantation Agency office of Boalemo and attended by 13 farmers from 40 famers invited; extension officers; head of Cooperative, Industry and Commerce; BRI Limboto, BRI Boalemo; and staffs of Agriculture and Plantation Agency.
The head of Boalemo cooperative, industry and commerce agency opened the workshop and he stated that a cooperative is an institution that can formally be able to manage finances with a valid legal entity. Cooperatives can be formed with a minimum of 20 members were consulted to determine the type of cooperation that will be managed. To facilitate the assistance and escort program, he encouraged cocoa farmers of Boalemo to form special cooperatives of cocoa engaged in the provision of seeds, fertilizer and marketing. The capital of cooperative can also be obtained from banks. The cooperatives can also be a credit union that may help farmers of borrowing capital. The interest rate in cooperative is maximum 2,5% per month. That way is better than farmers borrow cash from middleman with very high interest rate.
In his speech, the representative of the Boalemo agriculture and plantation agency said that he was very grateful for the implementation of this workshop and expected after the farmers know about the credit scheme of BRI, farmers will be forced to borrow at BRI than farmers pay interest of 5% per month for debt fertilizers and pesticides in some shops.
BRI as the keynote speaker for this workshop explained the credit scheme suitable for small scale business including farmers, namely, Kredit Usaha Rakyat (KUR/community enterprise credit). KUR is working capital credit and or investment to individual debtor which has productive and decent business with maximum of 25 million rupiah loan principal in which the fund fully funded from BRI. The bank interest applied is effective 9% per year. KUR credit scheme doesn’t require any collateral. Any individual can apply this credit including farmers with the requirement to have ID such as KTP, family card or married certificate; micro and small enterprise permit (IUMK) or business certificate; and one page color photo size 3×4. Business certificate can be obtained from the head of village where the farmers live but this document is valid only for one time credit application. Whereas, IUMK can be obtained from head of local sub-district with very simple documents requirement including ID card and the detail information of the business. IUMK validity period is as long as the person is still running the business. It does not cost anything in this credit application process. After the debtor submit all the necessary requirements, and then the bank will conduct a survey and doing analysis of repayment capacity to determine the amount of credit approved.
Besides KUR credit schemes explained above, BRI also has other credit schemes with total loans of more than 25 million rupiah. Farmers can be applied a credit more than 25 million depending on the purpose of each farmer and the amount of credit granted will be determined by the bank based on the analysis of repayment capacity.
From the discussion sessions revealed that some farmers who were present in the workshop, had borrowed money at BRI but to finance corn crop, consumptive purpose and their other businesses, not to finance their cocoa farm. One of them has ‘bad’ experience with BRI where he only applied for a loan of 25 million but was forced by the bank officer to borrow 30 million. In this case the BRI team confirmed that it was not bank regulation, but only the actions of individual bank officers who abuse their authority. If farmers face less pleasant things that are related to credit application, they can directly contact the head of the bank concerned to get proper information.
Another farmer asked why he received credit which was smaller than the amount asked. The bank said that the determination of the amount of credit granted based on the survey and analysis made by the bank against the debtor related socio-economic condition of the debtor. If the condition debtor considered capable to pay more, the bank may offer to give a bigger credit than proposed.
For farmers who just start planting cocoa, the bank provides special KUR credit scheme, where the bank give a tenor of one year and famers can do one time installment. If in the given time, but they have not been able to pay the debt, then the bank will reschedule its repayment term, and the maximum tenor is two years from the farmers received the credit.
At the moment BRI Limboto does not have any special insurance for agricultural products. BRI only have life insurance.
In conclusion, KUR micro is credit scheme which suitable for farmers in Boalemo where the requirements are easy and the interest rate is relatively low compared to other credit schemes. Farmers can easily apply for this credit and reach the bank because in Boalemo has had three offices of BRI, namely BRI Tilamuta, BRI Manangu and BRI Paguyaman.
Boalemo Agriculture and Plantation Agency will support BRI to give the necessary information related to the condition of farmers in Boalemo in order to facilitate the BRI in analyzing the socio-economic conditions of farmers who apply for credit.
BRI has provided 20 billion rupiah through KUR scheme credit to 2000 customers in Boalemo and 40% of them are farmers.

Biogas in the coffee value chain in Indonesia

Su-re.co, an environmental consulting company based in Bali, Indonesia, established a green business project named su-re.coffee. The project works to implement sustainable, win-win solutions for coffee value chain stakeholders, through integrating biogas systems in Indonesia. Su-re.coffee believes that the biogas-coffee concept is a promising transition pathway for both climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Currently, Indonesia is promoting mitigation through clean energy such as biogas. Some people already use the biogas in limited capacity for domestic needs such as cooking. A biogas programme in Indonesia called BIRU, has 18,590 digesters in all over Indonesia from 2010-2015 . Compared to about five millions of cow and pig farmers in Indonesia, the BIRU digesters are still in very small number. A lack of demand for biogas is one of the key obstacles for further expansion. Thus, the initiative to roast coffee using biogas is considered to create demand. There is great potential for farmers to use biogas not only for coffee roasting, but also for expanding other small businesses . Through these and other initiatives, su-re.co is committed to advancing the energy-agriculture nexus in Indonesia.
Find out more the article published in JIQ Magazine > http://jin.ngo/jiq-magazine/10-jiq-magazine/171-jiq-december16